75 percent of the EU’s external trade and 31 percent of its internal trade in terms of volume are conducted by water. In addition, according to the EU Commission, there are 400 million ship passengers in the member states each year, including around 14 million on cruise ships. Ships were responsible for 13.5 percent of all transport-related greenhouse gas emissions in the EU in 2018. The potential for saving emissions is correspondingly large – although not as large as for road traffic (71 percent) or aviation (14.4 percent).
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