India does not really engage in alliances. The decisions taken at the recent video summit of the four countries of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue – Quad for short – were, therefore, already a special step for New Delhi. In mid-March, India, the US, Japan, and Australia agreed to jointly manufacture and distribute more than one billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine to countries in the Indo-Pacific region – with a special focus on ASEAN countries. So far, China has been the main supplier of vaccine doses to these countries. Quad also decided to build rare earth supply chains to break China’s near-monopoly. Then there is growing naval cooperation at sea – to prioritize, according to the final document of the video summit, “the role of international law in the maritime domain.” This, too, is clearly about China.
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